Formulasi Tablet Suplemen Spirulina yang Diperkaya dengan Virgin Fish Oil Mata Tuna (Thunnus sp.)

Siti Balqis Huriyah, Iriani Setyaningsih, Wini Trilaksani

Abstract


Suplemen makanan kesehatan di pasaran saat ini sebagian besar terdiri dari satu jenis bahan baku, sehingga berpotensi hanya memiliki satu manfaat. Spirulina diketahui memiliki kandungan protein tinggi tetapi kadar lemaknya rendah, oleh karena itu dilakukan penelitian tentang pembuatan tablet Spirulina dengan tambahan sumber lain untuk mendapatkan nutrisi lengkap dan seimbang yang sangat diperlukan. Naskah ini melaporkan formulasi Spirulina yang diperkaya dengan mikroenkapsulat virgin fish oil (VFO) mata tuna; yang terdiri dari tiga tahap, yaitu kultivasi Spirulina; preparasi, ekstraksi, dan mikroenkapsulasi VFO mata tuna (Thunnus sp.); serta formulasi tablet. Ada tiga formula dalam hal rasio Spirulina dan mikroenkapsulat VFO mata tuna, yaitu P1 (250:180 mg); P2 (200:230 mg); P3 (150:280 mg). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa formula P3 merupakan formulasi terbaik berdasarkan karakteristik fisik, aktivitas antioksidan (IC50 133,27 ppm), dan kadar lemak 14,67%. Tablet P3 memiliki proporsi asam amino arginin tertinggi (3,30%) dan asam dokosaheksaenoat (18,03%), serta dapat memenuhi 18,6% dari angka kecukupan gizi asam lemak omega-3 untuk wanita hamil trimester pertama.

 

Formulation of Spirulina Supplement Tablets Enriched with Virgin Fish Oil From Tuna (Thunnus sp.)  Eyes 

Abstract

Health food supplements on the market today mostly consist of one type of raw material, so that potentially they only have one benefit. Spirulina is known to have a high protein content but a low fat content, therefore research on making Spirulina tablets with the addition of other sources to get complete and balanced nutrition is necessary. This paper reports the formulation of Spirulina enriched with tuna eye Virgin Fish Oil (VFO) microencapsulate; that consisted of three stages, namely Spirulina cultivation; preparation, extraction, and microencapsulation of tuna (Thunnus sp.) eye VFO; and tablet formulations. There were three formulas in regards to the ratio of Spirulina and tuna eye VFO microencapsulate, namely P1 (250: 180 mg); P2 (200: 230 mg); P3 (150: 280 mg). The results showed that the P3 formula was considered the best formulation based on physical characteristics, antioxidant activity (IC50 133.27 ppm), and fat content of 14.67%. The P3 tablet had the highest proportion of arginine amino acids (3.30%) and docosahexaenoic acid (18.03%) and can provide 18.6% of the nutritional adequacy rate of omega-3 fatty acids for the first trimester pregnant women.

 


Keywords


asam lemak omega-3; mikroalga; Spirulina; virgin fish oil; ikan mata tuna

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15578/jpbkp.v14i2.606

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ISSN : 1907-9133(print), ISSN : 2406-9264(online)
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